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Modulazione del profilo trascrizionale di macrofagi alveolari suini infettatidal virus della PRRS (porcine reproductive and respiratory) : dottorato di ricerca in medicina molecolare

Malinverni, Roberto <1976- >

Tesi o dissertazioni - 2009

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome is a major cause of economic loss for the swine industry worldwide. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) triggers weak and atypical innate immune responses, but key genes and mechanisms by which the virus interferes with the host innate immunity have not yet been elucidated. In this study, genes that control the response of the main target of PRRSV, porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs), were profiled in vitro with a time-course experiment spanning the first round of virus replication. PAMs were obtained from six piglets and challenged with the Lelystad PRRSV strain, and gene expression was investigated using Affymetrix microarrays and real-time PCR. Of the 1409 differentially expressed transcripts identified by analysis of variance, two, five, 25, 16 and 100 differed from controls by a minimum of 1.5-fold at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 h post-infection (p.i.), respectively. A PRRSV infection effect was detectable between 3 and 6 h p [...]
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